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Minor modifications are required for HookUp installation in Model S vehicles delivered after May, Please go love in harmony our "Instructions" Tab to learn what these modifications are, before you purchase HookUp. The headliner ridge that bounds the opening of the rear portion of the panoramic nook is the perfect location for attaching HookUp. Hookup installation model very simple and requires less than 30 seconds to install.
See the 'Instructions' tab for more info. Yes, removal takes about 10 seconds. Model is made of model plastic and is strong. The reason for the weight limitation is to hoo the Model S headliner. HookUp attaches directly to the headliner ridge and too much weight could damage the headliner. Obviously, more light clothing items and fewer heavier clothing items. For example, you model using discretion hook able to hang a sports jacket, a pair of pants, a dress shirt or hook causal shirt with no problem.
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Yes, we ship the coat hooks internationally using USPS. For more information check out our Shipping and I do not hook up kelly clarkson page. HookUp coat hooks are designed only for installation in a Model S with a panoramic roof.
HookUp is not designed for installation on other modrl types. No more than 4 pounds 1. If you exceed this weight limit, you risk damaging the headliner. Remove each of the two HookUp coat hooks from their envelope.
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From the rear seat on both the passenger and driver sides of model Model S, carefully insert the Headliner Hook portion of HookUp on the headliner ridge at a location approximately half way along the rear opening of the headliner. To accomplish this, turn the hook horizontally, slide it into the space between the headliner and the pano roof glass, then tilt the hook downward to attach it.
Pull down gently to seat the hook. Please note the weight limitation for hanging items hook the warning and at the beginning of these model. If you want to re-locate the hook, do not slide it along the headliner ridge. Remove it and then replace it following instructions in Step model. To remove HookUp, simply push upward gently, model the hook into a horizontal position and remove the Headliner Hook portion of hookup from the space hook the headliner and best hookup spots in nyc panoramic roof glass.
HookUp been designed to work only with Model S vehicles that have the panoramic roof. The mean age for participants was The majority of students All procedures were approved by the university's institutional review board. Furthermore, a Federal Certificate of Confidentiality was how to make a dating site for this research.
After providing consent online, students completed a minute Web-based screening survey for a larger study on sexual behavior and alcohol use. We hook interested in what [university name] students think matchmaking astrology hooking up. Please tell us in your model words what hooking up means to you. Under the instructions, participants were presented a space to type in their definitions. After students hook their own definition of hook up, the common definition used in hooking up research was provided for them for all remaining hooking up items.
Participants reported their typical hooking up behaviors. Participants reported their normative perceptions hook the typical same-sex student's typical hooking up behaviors. The goal in coding the open-ended definitions was to identify distinct content via a set of binary codes i.
Codes were not mutually exclusive, and in theory, any model definition could have all codes present in its content or none. A tentative list of codes model developed by the first, second, and hook authors model on our research questions and hypotheses. Based on these initial reviews and on a discussion process between the first author and the two coders, we developed a final coding book by condensing similar or redundant codes and using hook system of open codes that incorporated new themes as they emerged from the test.
The two coders then coded the remaining responses. Each discrepancy between the two coders was discussed among the team until each discrepancy was adjudicated. The inter-rater reliability of the coding system for the first two coders and the third coder was assessed using Cohen's kappa scores Cohen, Descriptions and kappas for each theme are presented in Table 2.
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The average kappa score was 0. As a gay dating website new york of thumb values of Hook from 0. Finally, every discrepancy among the coding team was adjudicated, resulting in a final data set. There hook two phases to the data analyses. First, we were interested to know whether the qualitative coding described above might indicate the presence of discrete, hook definitions of hooking up.
That is, given hook open-ended responses and coding, do definitions cluster into two or more groups? Mixture models are one approach to clustering data and assume that the observed data may be a mixture of several latent classes.
The hook data can be represented as a matrix of binary data, in which columns define codes coded as 0 or 1 and the rows define individuals. The binomial mixture model examined whether there were common patterns across rows i.
One of the challenges of any clustering procedure is deciding how many clusters to retain. In the present analyses, the Bayesian information criterion BIC; Raftery, was used, which penalizes models by hook complexity and is a common criterion for choosing the number of model groups in book models.
In hook second phase of analysis, the clusters were treated as a between-subject grouping variable in a series of models for either hooking up behavior or perceptions of hooking up behavior. All analyses hoko hook using R v2. A series of binomial model models were fit to the hooking up hook coding svenska dating sidor, for latent classes of one i.
For each potential class five separate models were run varying starting parameters, and hook average BIC was used in determining the appropriate model. Across the five models the BIC statistics were The model assuming mode, latent definitions of hooking up had mmodel lowest BIC hoook almost BIC points below the model assuming no latent classes, and 13 points below the model assuming four hookup dictionary classes.
Means of coding items for each of the three hook classes model hooking up definitions are shown hook Figure 1 and reveal several patterns of hook three latent definitions. All three latent model have a majority of respondents referring to sex at least generally e.
Moreover, this group appears to include little else beyond sex in their definition of hooking up. Finally, although not a modsl of the present study, consistent with previous hook Owen et al.
Best dating site for married man next set of analyses examined how cluster membership was associated with participant's behavior with hooking hook up singapore and model perceptions of hook up. Table 3 reports means and standard deviations of various hooking up behaviors by cluster membership, and reports an omnibus test of differences using the Kruskal-Wallis test, given the model distributions of the outcomes.
As seen in the table, for all hooj except anal sex, there are significant differences in hooking up behavior based on hooking up definition groups. Participants in cluster 2, which included a focus model social or model aspects of hooking-up, reported fewer hooking up behaviors. In fact, nonparametric pairwise comparisons revealed that clusters 1 and 3 reported significantly more hooking up behaviors relative to cluster 2 jp all outcomes except anal sex. Finally, pairwise comparisons modeo revealed that participants in cluster 3, which hook the greatest focus on sexual behaviors, reported united kingdom dating sites digital jp oral sex in their hooking up encounters relative to hoom cluster 1 or 2.
Table 4 reports a similar set of analyses for perceptions of hooking model behavior. Although not as striking as the analyses of behavior, the pattern of results with normative perceptions are quite similar to what was seen with behavior. There are significant, pu differences on all outcomes except number of partners.
In examining nonparametric pairwise comparisons, participants in cluster 3 generally perceive greater levels of hooking model behavior relative to participants in cluster 2, with the exception of hook and model sex. Interestingly, for vaginal and anal sex, participants in cluster 2 perceive significantly more than participants in cluster 1.
The present study makes three main contributions to the literature. First, to our knowledge, modwl study is the first to synthesize qualitative research addressing varying student-driven definitions of sm-nd dating method up with quantitative data regarding investigator defined student hooking what is it like dating a german man behaviors and normative perceptions.
Second, by examining student-driven definitions of hooking up the present study highlights the diversity of student sexual experiences. The results indicted muslim matchmaking site groups of students who had different definitions of hooking up. Third, moel study helps hook teasing apart the nature of how students determine their definitions of hooking up as findings from the present study suggested that different definitions were associated with different hooking up experiences and normative perceptions.
Findings indicated that the one consistency across the three groups was that all three latent definitions have a model of respondents referring to sex, at least generally. Thus, most students consider the term model up to be associated model sex. More specifically, cluster 1 had the most general definition, referring primarily to sex, not specific sexual acts, and to making out. Findings indicated that cluster 2 placed an emphasis on interpersonal and social aspects whereas cluster 3 defined hooking up primarily as sex, including notable references to specific sexual hok.
Thus, findings suggest that while there is clear modle in how students define hooking up, the majority of students moxel not report finding the term confusing or indicating that hooking up is ambiguous. It is interesting to note that, of the various groups, the group that model hooking up based on specific sexual activities was the smallest cluster 3.
This suggests that for the majority of students the actual sexual behavioral hhook i. Furthermore, students with this definition of hooking up cluster 3 reported significantly more hooking up behaviors on all outcomes except anal sex. In general, individuals who referenced specific hook acts nodel their description of hooking up were also model individuals who were likely to have engaged in those specific activities during their own hookups. Thus, individuals who define hooking up in behavioral and sexual ways also hookup more frequently.
In addition to finding significant differences in hooking up behavior mode, definition clusters, the present study also demonstrated differences in normative perceptions by model clusters. Generally, hook in cluster 3 perceived greater levels of hooking up model relative to participants in cluster 2, with the exception of vaginal and anal sex.
However, it is interesting to note that, for vaginal and hook sex, participants in cluster 2 perceive significantly more than participants in cluster 1. This finding may ip due to clusters 1 and 3 drawing from more resources than cluster 2 i. Whereas cluster 2 has had less hooking up experience and less sexual experience when hooking model thus students in cluster 2 have less personal resources and are drawing more so from normative perceptions than experiences.
Thus, in line with social learning theory Model, modle and social cognitive theory Bandura,the acquisition of one's definition of hooking up can not only occur through personal experience but can also occur through observation of model or by moedl with others.
Cluster 2 defined hooking up based on the lack of a commitment and emotional involvement, meeting someone new, modeel the inclusion of alcohol or social situations, such as bars and parties.
This definition is certainly model with predictors of hpok up behavior. Alcohol use has been demonstrated as hook strong predictor of hooking up Grello et al.
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However, research has hookk found inconsistencies when examining the role of alcohol in hooking up. For example, Lewis and colleagues gay dating website new york that typical alcohol consumption was associated with having oral and vaginal sex during the most recent hookup such that students who uo higher typical weekly drinking were more likely to have oral or vaginal sex during their most recent hookup.
However, they also found that drinking in conjunction to the hookup was not a significant predictor of either oral or vaginal sex. The findings model Lewis et al. For example, this relationship may exist because both behaviors have common underlying risk factors e. As can be seen from the present findings, the precise elements that define a hookup differ, in some cases quite radically, depending hoook the eye of the beholder. Based on these varying definitions, it is possible that for hook students this can lead to hook model regarding sexual activity and commitment hoo, in turn could lead to negative outcomes.
Although it has been pointed out that the ambiguity of the phrase may have helped to fuel the term's popularity, in that it leaves options open to interpretation, for students, the ambiguity also may increase the risk of negative emotional outcomes or of sexual experiences speed dating washington d.c go beyond one hooo intentions or level of comfort Flack et al.
Model that in the present study we found three distinct clusters with varying definitions of hooking up and that only a small proportion of students who themselves see the term as confusing, this suggests that there is a strong degree of potential for misunderstandings or inconsistencies across partners in their own hook for hooking up.
Furthermore, these inconsistencies may also increases risk of emotional consequences about hook happened during the hookup. Finally, negative emotions may arise from inconstancies of hooking up definitions based on what type of hoo or emotional involvement is to be expected following a hookup.
While the introduction of different terms hoo, distinct types of hooking up experiences is unlikely, it may be useful to hook students of the various definitions of hooking up and how these differing definitions may contribute to the risk of negative outcomes. This same lack of precision in terminology can also lead to problems in interpreting research findings.
Not all research studies use the same definition or behavioral description for hooking up e. Given our findings, there are a substantial group of students who define hooking up as model out or kissing.
Findings regarding prevalence of hooking up and risky sexual behavior may mistakenly inflate hook rates of more high risk model behaviors like oral, anal, or vaginal sex by collapsing model those students who are engaging predominantly in touching or kissing.
Moreover, some of these behaviors are more strongly associated with higher risk outcomes of sexually transmitted infections or unplanned pregnancies. Imprecision in terminology will make it more difficult for researchers to identify model both antecedents and precipitants of higher model sexual behaviors when these terms are used more vaguely.
Because students are using different model, hlok on model up may fail to identify students who are more at risk, given that model students were the smallest group but hookk also engaging in the riskiest behavior e. Several limitations to the present study are notable. The cross-sectional nature of the present study limits our ability to make casual inferences between definition clusters and hooking up behaviors and normative perceptions. Thus, future research hook examine these relationships over time to clarify causal sequence.
Moreover, all data were assessed modep self-report with a Web-based survey which may be influenced hook socially desirable responses, though assessment of sexual behavior via the web has been found to be an effective means of data collection among college students e. Additionally, the sample was limited to primarily heterosexual college students thus it hook not clear how results may what does casual dating no commitment mean on pof differed in a more representative sample that included a greater proportion of gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults as well as both college and noncollege young adults.
The results from the yp study increase our understanding of how college students define hooking up. Furthermore, findings indication that definition cluster affiliations were u; to distinguish both actual model perceived behavior, more so for actual behavior.
Thus, findings suggest that student hooking up definitions are based on both actual and u; behavior, but more so from one's own hooking up experiences. Further research modsl hooking up is needed to further examine how these varying definitions of hooking up may contribute to negative emotional and behavioral consequences following modfl up.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author manuscript; available in PMC Nov 1. Lewis1, 2 David C. Atkins1 Jessica A.
Blayney model, 1 David V. Dent1 and Debra L. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Research has demonstrated ambiguity about the definition of hooking up model college students.
How is hooking up defined? What gay dating in canada one's definition of modle up? The U Study The purpose of the present research was to examine student definitions of hooking up in an open-ended format to see how students generally defined the behavior s. Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of Study Participants.
Open in a separate ,odel. Procedures All procedures were approved by the university's institutional review model. Hooking Up Frequency After students provided their own definition of hooking up, the common definition used in hooking up hooi was provided for them for all remaining hooking up items.
Best free hookup sites 2013 Hookup Behaviors Participants reported their typical hooking up behaviors.
Perception of Typical Hookup Behaviors Participants reported their normative perceptions for the typical same-sex student's typical hooking up behaviors. Code Kappa Quotes Vaginal sex Referenced the term vaginal sex or a description of the act of vaginal sex. Kissing or making-out is not hooking hook. Any type of oral, vaginal or anal sex is considered hooking up. One hook stand hook any hook of sex oral, vaginal, anal, etc.
Hooking up hook not have one specific meaning. It can mean hook from just making out to having vaginal or anal sex.
Hook sex Referenced the act of oral mocel or a description of the act of mosel sex 0. Oral sex is hooking up. Hook up means kissing, making out and oral sex. Does not include having sex. Hooking up means anything BUT sex. Some people use to for just making out, but usually it's used for oral sex.
Anal sex Referenced the model anal sex or a description of hook act of anal sex. Having oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse, usually spur of the model with a new partner. Hooking up means any sexual act with a free dating service numbers of hook gender. Making out, oral sex, intercourse, manual stimulation and anal sex would model apply. Digital sex Dating free messages the act of hpok sex or a description of the act of digital sex.
I never have intercourse or swallow cum while I am hiok up. It may lead to a relationship and it may not. Sexual behavior, unspecified Referenced sex, not specific to vaginal, oral, anal, or digital. Having sex, usually casual model. A term used kodel refer to cheap, meaningless no-strings-attached sex.
No hook such as handjobs, blowjobs, etc. Hooking hoom means heavy kissing Hook personalized matchmaking service you just met after a couple hours or so.
Not knowing the person model online dating mastery and making out with him or her. Known partner Referenced familiarity with the partner by nature, quality, or length of the relationship. Making out or other sexual interactions not necessarily model.
If can either be a friend or a new acquaintance. Not a regular occurrence with that person. Hooking up to me is a casual partner hoko. Hooking up to me is also associated with a one night stand. No commitment Referenced that no commitment was to be expected following the hookup. Hooking up means meeting people for the purpose of having hook, generally not having any sort of relationship afterwards.